Volume 9 (2022)
Volume 8 (2021)
Volume 7 (2020)
Volume 6 (2019)
Volume 5 (2018)
Volume 4 (2017)
Volume 3 (2017)

Facts & Figures

Publication date since

2013

Issue per year

4

No. of volumes

8

No. of Issues

35

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478,800

PDF download

427,954

Avg view per Article

441.29

JUG is quarterly, open access, peer-review, multi-disciplinary and multi-lingual journal, published by university of Garmian, Kalar, KRG, Iraq. The first issue launched in 2013, deals with articles in all fields of humanities and social science on the basis of its originality, value, importance, significance, accessibility, and inventive conclusions. Articles are published Open Access under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA) license.

Original Article
Armed conflict between the Peshmerga forces and the Iraqi army 1976 (Kurdistan National Union) in question.
Armed conflict between the Peshmerga forces and the Iraqi army 1976 (Kurdistan National Union) in question.

Zana Faqe Muhammad; Ako Shwani

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 1-20

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10401

Abstract
  The establishment of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan was intended to restart the armed struggle against the Iraqi government, rebuild military bases, form a national liberation army, ...  Read More
Original Article
Theoretical Framework For the emergence of Cognitive Sociolinguistics
Theoretical Framework For the emergence of Cognitive Sociolinguistics

Salar Majeed; Sabah Qadir; Bakir Ali

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 21-31

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10402

Abstract
  This research entitled (Theoretical Framework For the emergence of Cognitive Sociolinguistics). Cognitive Sociolinguistics is emerging Field in Linguistics, which aims to explain the ...  Read More
Original Article
بنیاتی كاره‌كته‌ر له‌ ڕۆمانی
بنیاتی كاره‌كته‌ر له‌ ڕۆمانی " ڤیكۆنتی دوو له‌تبوو"ى ئیتالۆ كاڵڤینۆ و ڕۆمانى " جه‌مشید خانی مامم كه ‌هه‌میشه‌ با له‌گه‌ڵ خۆیدا ده‌یبرد" ی به‌ختیار علی دا، توێژینه‌وه‌یه‌كی به‌راوردكارییه

Sardar Majeed

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 32-40

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10403

Abstract
  The character is one of the main and important elements in the text of the novel. Without the character, the text of the novel cannot be built. He works with the other main elements ...  Read More
Original Article
Evaluation of quality of household water in kifri city
Evaluation of quality of household water in kifri city

Shno Abas; Azdeen Darwesh

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 41-53

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10404

Abstract
  Kifri is the center town of Kifri District where is the ancient district of Garmyan administration in Kurdistan region. Astronomically, Kifri is located between latitudes (34°:41':2") ...  Read More
Original Article
ڕاڤەکردنى هۆکارە سایکۆ- زمانییەکان لە دەستپێداگەیشتنى فەرهەنگیدا
ڕاڤەکردنى هۆکارە سایکۆ- زمانییەکان لە دەستپێداگەیشتنى فەرهەنگیدا

ئاڤێستا مەحموود; Bakhan Abdulrahman

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 54-67

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10405

Abstract
  This research is in the field of psycholinguistics and attempts to analyze and interpret the process of access, which is an important mechanism in psycho-linguistic processes (language ...  Read More
Original Article
نیشانه‌كردنی فۆنۆلۆژییانه‌ له‌ زمانی كوردییدا
نیشانه‌كردنی فۆنۆلۆژییانه‌ له‌ زمانی كوردییدا

عه‌بدولجه‌بار مه‌عروف; Hemin Jaff

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 68-82

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10406

Abstract
  The study titled (the markedness process in supra-segmental phonemes), and this is an attempt to demonstrate the marking/markedness process in the Kurdish language, as the research ...  Read More
Original Article
شیكردنه‌وه‌ی مۆرفۆمه‌تری هه‌ردوو ئاوه‌زێڵی قه‌ڵاتۆپزان و پاریۆڵه و ئاماژه‌ هایدرۆلۆجییه‌كانی
شیكردنه‌وه‌ی مۆرفۆمه‌تری هه‌ردوو ئاوه‌زێڵی قه‌ڵاتۆپزان و پاریۆڵه و ئاماژه‌ هایدرۆلۆجییه‌كانی

Shirwan Majeed; Azdeen Darwesh

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 83-96

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10407

Abstract
  The area of study is located in the eastern region of Iraq and the east of Kurdistan region within the boundaries of Kalar district, located between latitudes (34o:51-: 33=) and (35o:04-: ...  Read More
Original Article
Characteristics of population of vertical housing projects in the city of Sulaymaniyah
Characteristics of population of vertical housing projects in the city of Sulaymaniyah

kamaran Tofiq; به‌یان حسین

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 97-107

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10408

Abstract
  The research examines the characteristics of the population of vertical housing projects in the city of Sulaymaniyah. At first it sheds light on the changes in the size of the population ...  Read More
Original Article
شرۆڤەى میتافۆر لە دیدگا و ڕایەڵەى کارى زانستى زماندا
شرۆڤەى میتافۆر لە دیدگا و ڕایەڵەى کارى زانستى زماندا

Mohammed Saeed; ئاڤێستا مەحموود

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 108-119

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10409

Abstract
  The study is entitled (Interpretation of metaphor from the linguistic action perspective), is an attempt to present different points of view regarding metaphor because metaphor ...  Read More
Original Article
Kirkuk in the open texts of Sherko Bekas
Kirkuk in the open texts of Sherko Bekas

شه‌یدا محمد; Diyar Majeed

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 120-128

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10410

Abstract
  This research entitled (Kirkuk in the open texts of Sherko Bekas) is an attempt to show the position and importance of the city in the different experiences of Sherko Bekas. Different ...  Read More
Original Article
لێکدانەوەى چەمک بەپێی زانستى درککردن (زانیارییە شاراوەکانى کردەى پرس بە نموونە)
لێکدانەوەى چەمک بەپێی زانستى درککردن (زانیارییە شاراوەکانى کردەى پرس بە نموونە)

عثمان عبدالرحيم; ابوبكر قادر

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 129-141

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10411

Abstract
  This paper entitled (The analysis of concepts according to cognitive theory, the concept and hidden information of question act as an example). According to the Universal Grammar (U.G) ...  Read More
Original Article
التقنيات الحجاجية في شعر أبي نواس
التقنيات الحجاجية في شعر أبي نواس

Hussein Muhammad; Zainab Aziz

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 137-144

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10412

Abstract
  In this study, I sought to highlight the argumentative techniques, which are considered one of the most important pillars of the arguments in the new rhetoric, and the argumentative ...  Read More
Original Article
الروابط الحجاجية في شعر أبي نواس
الروابط الحجاجية في شعر أبي نواس

Hussein Muhammad; Zainab Aziz

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 142-149

Abstract
  In this study, I strived to present the most important argumentative links that the poet Abu Nawas used in his poems, and to show the extent of the importance of the links to strengthen ...  Read More
Original Article
The role of an authority in defining an official language
-A field study in the Kurdistan region of Iraq-
The role of an authority in defining an official language -A field study in the Kurdistan region of Iraq-

Miran Salih

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 158-167

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10413

Abstract
  In its long history, the Kurdish people have suffered from the control of the occupied countries, through their constant attempt to eliminate it, weaken it, and eliminate its language ...  Read More
Original Article
“Fiaal”  as an infinitive form in the Glorious Quran
“A semantic and morphological study”
“Fiaal” as an infinitive form in the Glorious Quran “A semantic and morphological study”

Erfan Qadir

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 168-182

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10415

Abstract
      The morphological structures in the Holy Quran and understanding their exact denotations have received the researchers’ attention between past and present. ...  Read More
Original Article
أثر النمو السكاني في التغييرات المساحية للاستعمالات الارض السكنية 
لمدينة خانقين للمدة 1997-2021
أثر النمو السكاني في التغييرات المساحية للاستعمالات الارض السكنية لمدينة خانقين للمدة 1997-2021

Ahmad Jaff; جمعه داي

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 183-193

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10416

Abstract
  The area of ​​residential land uses for the period 1997-2021 increased significantly as a result of the change in the area allocated to it due to urban expansion, which is one of ...  Read More
Original Article
Investment in renewable energies and their role in achieving the goals of the environmental dimension of sustainable development in the selected countries: (Iraq, Iran, Algeria, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Jordan, Egypt) for the period (2009 – 2017)
Investment in renewable energies and their role in achieving the goals of the environmental dimension of sustainable development in the selected countries: (Iraq, Iran, Algeria, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Jordan, Egypt) for the period (2009 – 2017)

Ali Hussien; Ali Abbas Ali

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 196-206

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10417

Abstract
  Investment in renewable energies has recently become one of the main mechanisms for achieving sustainable development in various countries, given the advantages of renewable energies ...  Read More
Original Article
تأثير جهاز مصنع وفق إسلوبي المتسلسل والعشوائي في تعلم مهارة الوقوف على اليدين على بساط الحركات الارضية في الجمناستك
تأثير جهاز مصنع وفق إسلوبي المتسلسل والعشوائي في تعلم مهارة الوقوف على اليدين على بساط الحركات الارضية في الجمناستك

اراز نوری; Muhammed Alzahawe

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 207-212

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10418

Abstract
        Learning in all areas of life is the basis of human development and the growth of the human mind, and that one of the pillars of the level of learning ...  Read More
Original Article
The effect of using overlapping some direct teaching methods in acquiring the skillful achievement of the balance beam device for female students
The effect of using overlapping some direct teaching methods in acquiring the skillful achievement of the balance beam device for female students

vian saeed; shnyar niamat

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 213-218

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10419

Abstract
  The research aims to prepare an educational program using the method of overlapping some direct teaching methods and identifying its impact on acquiring the skillful achievement of ...  Read More
Original Article
Hedging in Selected Modern Drama: A Pragmatic Study
Hedging in Selected Modern Drama: A Pragmatic Study

Jalal Hassan

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 228-241

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10421

Abstract
  Academics contend that hedges are an appropriate use of ambiguity in situations where precision may not be required. In this research, the use of hedging in three chosen plays is examined ...  Read More
Original Article
Male Dominance and the Social Hierarchy of the Patriarchal Society in Delaney’s A Taste of Honey
Male Dominance and the Social Hierarchy of the Patriarchal Society in Delaney’s A Taste of Honey

Ari Omar; Rebwar Muhammed

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 242-256

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10422

Abstract
  In an article published by the Gender Team of the United Nations Development Program, which interviewed women and men in 75 countries around the world, it is claimed that 91 percent ...  Read More
Original Article
The Representation of Women in English and Kurdish Magazine Cover Pages: A Critical Multimodal Perspective
The Representation of Women in English and Kurdish Magazine Cover Pages: A Critical Multimodal Perspective

Mohammed Kareem; Elham Qadir

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 257-278

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10423

Abstract
  This paper critically explores the multimodal discourses that underpin the representation of women in English and Kurdish magazine cover pages (MCP) with a view  to determine the ...  Read More
Original Article
Head-Position Parameter in English and Central Kurdish Noun Phrases: A Comparative Study
Head-Position Parameter in English and Central Kurdish Noun Phrases: A Comparative Study

Karwan Othman; Jalal Hassan

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 279-291

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10424

Abstract
  The issue of head-position has been a controversial and disputed subject within the generative syntax. The purpose of the current study is to determine the right position of head in ...  Read More
Original Article
Career Success versus Family for Women in Caryl Churchill’s Top Girls: A Postfeminist Study
Career Success versus Family for Women in Caryl Churchill’s Top Girls: A Postfeminist Study

Abdalla Balu; Shwana Perot

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 291-301

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10425

Abstract
  Top Girls (1982), a play written by Caryl Churchill, carefully investigates the relationship between career and personal relations through its portrayal of the sacrifices and challenges productive women ...  Read More
Original Article
An Investigation of Transcription and Handwriting in the Performance of Kurdish EFL School-Aged Learners with (out) SLDs
An Investigation of Transcription and Handwriting in the Performance of Kurdish EFL School-Aged Learners with (out) SLDs

Kazhaw Barazanja; Ayad Mahmood; Wirya Ameen

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023, Pages 303-311

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10426

Abstract
  A Specific Learning Disorder (SLD) affects a learner's handwriting ability and fine motor skills which is essential for learning the writing of any language including English as a Foreign ...  Read More
Original Article
العلّامة خواهرزاد(ت:1935م) وآراؤه الكلامية في الإلهيات من خلال تفسيره
العلّامة خواهرزاد(ت:1935م) وآراؤه الكلامية في الإلهيات من خلال تفسيره

محمد بابكر; هادي حمه

Volume 10, Issue 4 , December 2023

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.104

Abstract
  العلّامة خواهرزاد r(القاضي محمد بن عبد الكريم)، ولد في بنجوين،سنة(1285هـ /1868م)، وتربى بعد وفاة أبيه في كنف ...  Read More
An Investigation into the Use of Oral Communication Strategies by Senior Kurdish EFL University Students
An Investigation into the Use of Oral Communication Strategies by Senior Kurdish EFL University Students

Sakar Mikaeli; Barham Abdulrahman

Volume 10, Issue 1 , April 2023, , Pages 311-322

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2023.101026

Abstract
  The use of Oral Communication Strategies (OCSs) by Senior Kurdish EFL (English as a Foreign Language) university students to overcome communication breakdowns and the thoughts of their ...  Read More
The Role of School Social Workers in Governmental and Non-Governmental Preparatory Schools
A Comparative Field Study in the Centre of Erbil City
The Role of School Social Workers in Governmental and Non-Governmental Preparatory Schools A Comparative Field Study in the Centre of Erbil City

Maher Aziz; Mahmoud Hamza

Volume 10, Issue 3 , October 2023, , Pages 11-27

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10302

Abstract
  School Social work is a constant need for educational institutions in contemporary societies. Social workers are considered an important component of the school. In the Kurdistan Region, ...  Read More
A Sociological Interpretation of the Intellectual Persistence of
A Sociological Interpretation of the Intellectual Persistence of "Hoaker and Its Appearance and Effects"

Aso Abdullah; Hiwa Mohammed

Volume 10, Issue 1 , April 2023, , Pages 1-14

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.1999.171038

Abstract
  This paper, "A Sociological Interpretation of Intellectual Depression - Its Causes, Appearances and Effects", is an attempt to introduce intellectual depression from a sociological ...  Read More
Administrative Geography of the Sassanid State in the Light of Some Examples of Unpublished Administrative Seals of the Sulaimani Museum
Administrative Geography of the Sassanid State in the Light of Some Examples of Unpublished Administrative Seals of the Sulaimani Museum

Bahra Abdulrahman; Kozad Ahmed

Volume 10, Issue 1 , April 2023, , Pages 15-25

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2023.101012

Abstract
  According to Sassanid sources, the Sassanid Empire had a solid and organized administrative system, and had a large number of different titles, ranks and professions to manage the affairs ...  Read More
Passive in Kurdish and Persian languages (a comparative study)
Passive in Kurdish and Persian languages (a comparative study)

Azad Sleman; Ebmorady morady; Sarwar Salah

Volume 10, Issue 2 , July 2023, , Pages 12-22

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2023.10202

Abstract
   Regarding passive in Persian, two view-points are accessible: some argue that Persian language lack passive voice and shodan (become) is always an inchoative or linking verb. ...  Read More
Original Article
Language Redefining from levels perspective  (Expressions in Kurdish Language is a Model)
Language Redefining from levels perspective (Expressions in Kurdish Language is a Model)
Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 08 August 2023

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.273555.1088

Abstract
  پوختەی توێژینەوەئەم توێژینەوە ناونیشانی (پێناسەکردنەوەی زمان لە گۆشەنیگای ئاستەکانییەوە، زمانی کوردی ...  Read More

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