Volume 8 (2021)
Volume 7 ()
Volume 6 ()
Volume 5 ()
Volume 4 ()
Volume 3 ()

Facts & Figures

Publication date since

2013

Issue per year

4

No. of volumes

7

No. of Issues

27

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252,971

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283,621

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344.18

JUG is quarterly, open access, peer-review, multi-disciplinary and multi-lingual journal, published by university of Garmian, Kalar, KRG, Iraq. The first issue launched in 2013, deals with articles in all fields of humanities and social science on the basis of its originality, value, importance, significance, accessibility, and inventive conclusions. Articles are published Open Access under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA) license.

Original Article
Signing System in Kurdish - Sulaymaniyah Tone Form
Signing System in Kurdish - Sulaymaniyah Tone Form

azad hussin

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 1-8

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153211

Abstract
  This research entitled (Signing System in Kurdish - Sulaymaniyah Tone Form), Purple Research - Purjatiki, Any Language level has been integrated into this research. The signal of a ...  Read More
Original Article
Grammatical Semantics and Cultural Criticism in Kurdish Language
Grammatical Semantics and Cultural Criticism in Kurdish Language

Dara Hamid

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 9-22

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153255

Abstract
  This study, which is entitled (Grammatical Semantics and Cultural Criticism in Kurdish Language), deals with that type of semantics, which has not been addressed  before in Kurdish ...  Read More
Original Article
Curriculum Principles
Curriculum Principles

Huesn Ali; Sarhad Samin

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 23-34

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153260

Abstract
  Curriculum Development Principles In every society, learning is considered the center of learning and teaching processes. These curriculums are the reflection of educational philosophy ...  Read More
Original Article
Traditional Medicine-anthropological study
Traditional Medicine-anthropological study

Xalat Jalal; Jwan Bahaulddin

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 35-49

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153524

Abstract
  All human societies have their own culture. The culture is constructed according to the life style of  a nation or a society, and the society is recognized by  its culture. ...  Read More
Original Article
Multilingualism in Society of Kurdistan Region, Applied Sociolinguistic study
Multilingualism in Society of Kurdistan Region, Applied Sociolinguistic study

Amer Muhammadamin; Abdullah Rasul

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 50-62

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153525

Abstract
      Language is named depending on the form that is used in the community.this study is entitled (Multilingualism in Society of Kurdistan Region, Applied Sociolinguistic ...  Read More
Original Article
psychological-political alienation among youth
psychological-political alienation among youth

Lya Hassan Muhammad

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 63-80

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153526

Abstract
  This research in general (psychological-political alienation among youth) is a field scientific attempt, which aims to show young people's feeling of alienation at two levels (psychological ...  Read More
Original Article
Political Reform in the Kurdistan Region (2009 – 2018)
It is a descriptive – analytical study
Political Reform in the Kurdistan Region (2009 – 2018) It is a descriptive – analytical study

Yasin Jawhar

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 81-104

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153528

Abstract
  After the political, strategic, economic and military changes that occurred after the 1991 uprising at the internal, regional and international levels for Iraq, the Kurdistan Region ...  Read More
Original Article
Characteristics and problems of university youth is an analytical theoretical study
Characteristics and problems of university youth is an analytical theoretical study

Kwetan Abdullah; Pyman Majeed

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 105-115

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153531

Abstract
  Societies consist of different categories according to age groups, which are generally divided into childhood, adolescence, youth and old age. A proper society is the one that knows ...  Read More
Original Article
Women aesthetic and higher senses in Qwbadi Jalizada’s poems
Women aesthetic and higher senses in Qwbadi Jalizada’s poems

Rzgar Shekhany; Yadgar Rasull balaky

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 116-126

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153532

Abstract
  This study is titled ‘Women aesthetic and higher senses in Qwbadi Jalizada’s poems’. It is a descriptive analytical, critical and normative study in the field of aesthetic ...  Read More
Original Article
A proposed teaching program for the development of social skills by kindergarten children
A proposed teaching program for the development of social skills by kindergarten children

Nidham Hussein; Shalaw Ibrahim

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 127-143

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153695

Abstract
  This research that entitled (A proposed teaching program for the development of social skills by kindergarten children.) This study proposes the introduction of a proposed educational ...  Read More
Original Article
“Sections of Language (semi- sentence) as a Modle”
“Sections of Language (semi- sentence) as a Modle”

Shilan Muhammedamin; Hatam Muhmadh

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 144-154

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153697

Abstract
  This study is entitled "Sections of Complex Sentences in the Kurdish Language (Semi-Sentence) as a Model", and this study attempted to present the main parts of complex sentences, as ...  Read More
Original Article
Motivations for becoming a woman entrepreneur in Kurdish society / Sulaimani for example
Motivations for becoming a woman entrepreneur in Kurdish society / Sulaimani for example

Zhiya Qadir; Avan Faqesalih

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 155-170

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153698

Abstract
  This research is mainly focusing on finding a scientific response for the quest, it indicates the motives that make a woman become a business woman and aims at finding the challenges ...  Read More
Original Article
Hermeneutics and the Humanities A Gateway to Classical Hermeneutics
Hermeneutics and the Humanities A Gateway to Classical Hermeneutics

Aram Faraj

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 171-179

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153700

Abstract
  پرسی میتۆدی توێژینه‌وه‌ و سروشتی په‌یوه‌ندی نێوان توێژه‌ر و بابه‌تی توێژینه‌وه‌كه‌ی، هه‌روه‌ها ...  Read More
Original Article
Conquering cities phenomenon and its impact on enlarging Koya town.
(a study on city geography)
Conquering cities phenomenon and its impact on enlarging Koya town. (a study on city geography)

kamaran Saeed; Rozhan Kareem

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 180-197

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153704

Abstract
  By the influence of conquering cities phenomenon to different directions, a lot of villages entering the border of municipalities and conquering them. This way they take the characteristics ...  Read More
Original Article
An Evaluation of the Internet Based  Teaching Process from  University of  Garmian Teachers and Students Perspectives and  Their Attitudesn towards Electronic Learning
An Evaluation of the Internet Based Teaching Process from University of Garmian Teachers and Students Perspectives and Their Attitudesn towards Electronic Learning

Shrehan Muhammed; Munadhil Qaseem

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 198-211

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.153707

Abstract
  The present study is aimed at depicting the assessment of online teaching process in the viewpoint of the lecturers of University of Garmian; shedding light on the assessment of online ...  Read More
Original Article
Efficiency evaluation of the economic performance of Bazian cement factory between 2008-2020
Efficiency evaluation of the economic performance of Bazian cement factory between 2008-2020

Paxshan Rostam; Ali Hussain

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 229-245

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.154899

Abstract
  The importance of evaluating the economic performance of Bazian cement factory lies in the revitalization of the factory’s economic reality, through showing the failures it has ...  Read More
Original Article
Anxiety examination measurement of Students (Department of Geography as a model)
Anxiety examination measurement of Students (Department of Geography as a model)

Hemin Ismail; Bakhtiyar Habib; Abubakr Yusif

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 246-259

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.155118

Abstract
  Anxiety examination measurement of Students (Department of Geography as a model), The study aims to measure the anxiety examination for the students (Department of Geography as a model), ...  Read More
Original Article
Alienation in the Arab achievement of the Kurdish novelists
The novel (In search of another city by Muhyi al-Din Zangana) as a model
Alienation in the Arab achievement of the Kurdish novelists The novel (In search of another city by Muhyi al-Din Zangana) as a model

Hawzheen Gareeb

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 260-269

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.155120

Abstract
  )In Search of Another City)  is one of the famous novels of Kurdish writer and novelist (Muhyiddin Zangana), who tried, through his literary productions, to focus on the Kurdish ...  Read More
Original Article
The Impact of Pricing Policies on The Consumer's Purchasing Decision
The Impact of Pricing Policies on The Consumer's Purchasing Decision

Roza hamaamin

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 270-283

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.155220

Abstract
  The importance of this topic stems from the importance of the pricing process carried out by organizations, because it is the only element that links the organization to the customer ...  Read More
Original Article
Spatial Analysis of Natural Tourism Areas in Iraqi Kurdistan Region Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Spatial Analysis of Natural Tourism Areas in Iraqi Kurdistan Region Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Khalid Wali Ali; Shirwan Omer Rashid; Hemin Nasraldin M. Amin

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 284-297

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.155250

Abstract
  Tourism plays an important role in economic, social and cultural life in many countries in the world. Indicators and statistics published by the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) ...  Read More
Original Article
The effect of side networks on the development of speed endurance exercises and the skills of dribbling and scoring: Football players (youth class) as a model
The effect of side networks on the development of speed endurance exercises and the skills of dribbling and scoring: Football players (youth class) as a model

Sirwan Hamed Rafiq; Jameel Mohammed Ali

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 298-311

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.155498

Abstract
  The research aims to identify the effect of the side nets on the exercises to develop endurance of speed and the skills of rolling and scoring: soccer players (youth class) as a model. ...  Read More
Original Article
Determine the tourist and physiological climate patterns in the city of Khanaqin through the application of the Terjung classification
Determine the tourist and physiological climate patterns in the city of Khanaqin through the application of the Terjung classification

Paeman Salih

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 312-329

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.155499

Abstract
  This research aims to study and analyze Effect of climatic elements that affect human comfort to determine the tourist and physiological climate patterns At Khanaqin city through the ...  Read More
Original Article
Future anxiety among Garmian University students
Future anxiety among Garmian University students

Jinan Mahmoud Tawfiq

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 330-341

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.155501

Abstract
  The current research aims: - Identification of 1 - Future anxiety among university students. 2 - Differences in future anxiety according to gender variables (male - female) and specialization ...  Read More
Original Article
The effectiveness of the cartoon concepts strategy in developing some concepts and skills in mathematics for children with special needs
The effectiveness of the cartoon concepts strategy in developing some concepts and skills in mathematics for children with special needs

Abdulwahed Al Kubaisi; Kareem Shareef Qarachatany; fenk jawher ahmed al-klaly

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 342-359

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.156329

Abstract
  This research aims to verify the effectiveness of the cartoon concepts strategy in developing some concepts and skills in mathematics for children with special needs. Special needs ...  Read More
Original Article
Nazik Malika is an Arabic poet, whose poems are full of pain and sorrow for herself and her nation.
Nazik Malika is an Arabic poet, whose poems are full of pain and sorrow for herself and her nation.

Dahir Karim; Rasti Mustafa

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 360-373

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.156804

Abstract
  Nazik Malika is an Arabic poet, whose poems are full of pain and sorrow for herself and her nation.                                                                                                                                   ...  Read More
Original Article
The dialectic of the relationship between frustration and protest tendency
  The Kurdistan Youth (Sociological Analysis)
The dialectic of the relationship between frustration and protest tendency The Kurdistan Youth (Sociological Analysis)

Abdulhamed Ali Saeed; Sabir Ali Hassan

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 374-386

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.157754

Abstract
  Rebellion and protest are a human and historical phenomenon known to most societies and different human cultures. This phenomenon is characterized by its ability to disrupt social, ...  Read More
Original Article
The structure of the composite image in Arabic and Kurdish haiku
The structure of the composite image in Arabic and Kurdish haiku

Milko Kareem

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 387-399

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.157995

Abstract
  The research is entitled: (The Structure of the (Toriawase) in the Arabic and Kurdish Haiku-Comparative Critical Study), which means studying the structure of the haiku poem in the ...  Read More
Original Article
The political and cultural situation of the city of Sulaymaniyah
The political and cultural situation of the city of Sulaymaniyah

Ako Mahmood; Bakhtyar Abdullah

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 400-420

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.157996

Abstract
  The topic of this research is (political and cultural status of Sulaymaniyah between March-11th-1970 and March 1974) This research is a specific demonstration of a remarkable period ...  Read More
Original Article
Human development concept and implicaions
Human development concept and implicaions

Erfan Sharif; Arsalan Raheem

Volume 9, Issue 2 , January 0, Pages 421-430

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.158124

Abstract
      Human development is one of the most important pillars that every person needs in his daily life, so that this concept aims to develop capabilities and life skills ...  Read More
The impact of drought on soil pollution (Sulaymaniyah district as a model)
The impact of drought on soil pollution (Sulaymaniyah district as a model)

Nakhshan M. Rostam Khan; Muhammed Mahmood; Hayder Mohammed Issa

Volume 9, Special Issue , January 0, , Pages 191-210

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.149168

Abstract
  The study area is located in northeastern Iraq, between latitudes (35ᴼ,50.16 - 35, 47,30ᴼ) in the north and longitudes (44ᴼ,57,20 - 45ᴼ, 44.03) in the east, with an area of ...  Read More
Determine the suitable site to build dams of Saidsadiq district by using Geographical information system
Determine the suitable site to build dams of Saidsadiq district by using Geographical information system

Ezaaden Darwish; Omed Hamabaqi OmedHama

Volume 9, Special Issue , January 0, , Pages 54-78

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.149155

Abstract
  Saidsadiq district is located in the north-east of Kurdistan region and south-east of Sulaymaniyah governorate, between the latitudes (35°15'26" N -35°37'2" N) north and longitudes ...  Read More
A geographical analysis of the problem of desertification and drought in the southern Iraqi desert.
A geographical analysis of the problem of desertification and drought in the southern Iraqi desert.

Sarhan Alkhafaje

Volume 9, Special Issue , January 0, , Pages 238-262

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.149170

Abstract
  The research aims to study and analyze the phenomenon of desertification and drought that the Badia suffers from in the south of Iraq within the administrative borders of the governorates ...  Read More
Harvesting water in the Shore Valley and ways to develop it using GIS technologies
Harvesting water in the Shore Valley and ways to develop it using GIS technologies

Falah Satar; Saleh Ali; othman abdulrhman

Volume 9, Special Issue , January 0, , Pages 175-190

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.149165

Abstract
  The process of harvesting water in dry and dry areas is necessary and necessary to face drought, lack of rain and scarcity of water sources in order to resist the environmental degradation ...  Read More
Social motives for behavior in terms of social learning theory (Bandura)
Social motives for behavior in terms of social learning theory (Bandura)

Aso Abdullah; Dhahir Ahmed

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 0, , Pages 136-143

https://doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2022.151579

Abstract
  afterwards studying human acts has a very important place to the sociologists and Psychologists and it is trending in their interests, and some of them describe psychology as behaviourism, ...  Read More

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