Original Article
Grammatical Structure of Language in Tagmemic Theory
Grammatical Structure of Language in Tagmemic Theory

Beri Hussein; Sabah Qadir; Atif Farhadi

Volume 11, Issue 1 , January 2024, Pages 1-11

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2024.1101

Abstract
  This research entitled (Grammatical Structure of Language in Tagmemic Theory) on of “Kenneth Pike’s Hypotheses, with the framework of Tagmemic Theory is the relationship ...  Read More
Original Article
Social Standards of Speaking in Kurdish Language
Social Standards of Speaking in Kurdish Language
Volume 11, Issue 1 , January 2024, Pages 12-23

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2024.1102

Abstract
       This research (Social Standards of Speaking in Kurdish Language) highlights the social standards of language, which are used as measures for organizing, evaluating ...  Read More
Original Article
تحفەالاحباب لە ئاوێنەی ئەدەبیاتی فارسیدا
تحفەالاحباب لە ئاوێنەی ئەدەبیاتی فارسیدا

talaat Hamadali; ساجدە فەرهادی; حومێیرا زمۆرودی

Volume 11, Issue 1 , January 2024, Pages 24-35

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2024.1103

Abstract
  This conducted study on " the Reflection of Tuhfat al-Ahbab in Persian literature " which is devoted to discussing and investigating the Masnavi of Tahfa al-Ahbab by Sheikh Obaidullah ...  Read More
Original Article
Spatial distribution and evaluation of welfare services in Dukan for(2021)
Spatial distribution and evaluation of welfare services in Dukan for(2021)

kamaran Saeed; شوان محمد

Volume 11, Issue 1 , January 2024, Pages 36-56

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2024.1104

Abstract
  Welfare services and population growth are inseparable, With the increase in population, the needs of the city's residents for welfare services increase, This is due to the development ...  Read More
Original Article
Syntapragmatics of interrogative sentences in the Kurdish language
Syntapragmatics of interrogative sentences in the Kurdish language

Omar Kareem

Volume 11, Issue 1 , January 2024, Pages 57-72

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2024.1105

Abstract
  This paper is dedicated to Kurdish interrogative sentences and Central dialect and within the limits of syntax and pragmatics because expressive function refers to the major of language ...  Read More
Original Article
تیۆری فه‌زائاوه‌زییه‌كان، چه‌مك و بنه‌ما له ‌زمانی كوردیدا
تیۆری فه‌زائاوه‌زییه‌كان، چه‌مك و بنه‌ما له ‌زمانی كوردیدا

کەژاڵ محمد; بێستون احمد; دارا محمد

Volume 11, Issue 1 , January 2024, Pages 73-86

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2024.1106

Abstract
  This article with the title (mental spaces, concepts and principles in the Kurdish language) is an attempt to present the principles of the theory of mental spaces in the Kurdish language. ...  Read More
Original Article
رۆڵی فەیسبوک لە ناساندنی پاشەکەوتی موچەدا (کەناڵی NRT) بەنمونە
رۆڵی فەیسبوک لە ناساندنی پاشەکەوتی موچەدا (کەناڵی NRT) بەنمونە

هێمن حسن; لهۆن محمد بابا

Volume 11, Issue 1 , January 2024, Pages 87-96

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2024.1107

Abstract
  The salary cuts of employees and teachers at Universities in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region were one of the severe crises imposed on the public, which has had wide ramifications on the ...  Read More
Original Article
دركپێكردنی میتافۆری په‌ندی پێشینان له‌ زمانی كوردیدا
دركپێكردنی میتافۆری په‌ندی پێشینان له‌ زمانی كوردیدا

که‌ژاڵ محه‌مه‌د; بێستون احمد; دارا محمد

Volume 11, Issue 1 , January 2024, Pages 97-111

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2024.1108

Abstract
  Proverbs in any language reflect the culture, values, thoughts, beliefs, Experienced and mentality of nations, and their study can gain a clear understanding of the speakers' daily ...  Read More
Original Article
ڕۆڵی سیاسیی جه‌مال نه‌به‌ز (1959_1986) توێژینه‌وه‌یه‌كی مێژویی_ سیاسییه‌
ڕۆڵی سیاسیی جه‌مال نه‌به‌ز (1959_1986) توێژینه‌وه‌یه‌كی مێژویی_ سیاسییه‌

نه‌به‌ز محمدئه‌مین; محمد كاكه‌سوور

Volume 11, Issue 1 , January 2024, Pages 112-123

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2024.1109

Abstract
  In the mid-1950s, Jamal Nabaz's political role in the Third Way emerged as a political thought. After the July 14, 1958 revolution, he changed his political form from theory to practice ...  Read More
Original Article
نیشانه‌ و سه‌رچاوه‌ له‌ زمانی كوردیدا
نیشانه‌ و سه‌رچاوه‌ له‌ زمانی كوردیدا

هێژا محەمەد; دارا محه‌مه‌د

Volume 11, Issue 1 , January 2024, Pages 124-133

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2024.1110

Abstract
  The terms sign, reference, and symbol are distinct, but there is overlap in Kurdish language usage between them to the point where they are used interchangeably. The terms symbol, reference, ...  Read More
Original Article
پێكهاته‌ی ڕسته‌ی ئاڵۆز له‌زمانی كوردیدا به‌پێی ڕێزمانی ڕۆڵ و ئاماژه‌
پێكهاته‌ی ڕسته‌ی ئاڵۆز له‌زمانی كوردیدا به‌پێی ڕێزمانی ڕۆڵ و ئاماژه‌

ئه‌ژین ساڵح; ئومێد برزۆ

Volume 11, Issue 1 , January 2024, Pages 134-151

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2024.1111

Abstract
  Complex sentences consist of two or more sentences. In each of these classifications, three types of relationships are formed between them (equivalence, non-equivalence and subsequent ...  Read More
Original Article
Measuring the impact of the general budget on the trade balance in Iraq for the period (2004-2022).
Measuring the impact of the general budget on the trade balance in Iraq for the period (2004-2022).

پەخشان روستم; كامران يعقوب; ياسين احمد

Volume 11, Issue 1 , January 2024, Pages 152-168

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2024.1112

Abstract
  The research aims to: analyze the path of the general budget and trade balance in Iraq for the period 2004-2022) and to reach the goal of the research, the (deductive) approach was ...  Read More
Original Article
Women Brokenness and the Shock of Imaging Scenes
A Reading in
Women Brokenness and the Shock of Imaging Scenes A Reading in "Na'al Maqloub" (Inverted Sole) Novel by Sa'ad Auda

Saman Ibrahim

Volume 11, Issue 1 , January 2024, Pages 169-178

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2024.1113

Abstract
  In this research paper, we would like to discuss the author Saad Odeh's experience in embodying the female image through picturesque scenes and events in his novel "inverted slipper," ...  Read More
Original Article
Hybrid Culture as a Resistance Tool against Assimilation in Silko’s Ceremony
Hybrid Culture as a Resistance Tool against Assimilation in Silko’s Ceremony

Akam Mohammed; Azad Sharif

Volume 11, Issue 1 , January 2024, Pages 189-196

https://doi.org/10.24271/garmian.2024.1115

Abstract
  Hybrid culture is the blending and fusion of elements from different cultural backgrounds, resulting in a cultural identity that reflects the diversity of a community or an individual. ...  Read More