Document Type : Original Article


1 Cihan Universiy /Sulaymaniyah

2 Soran University / Catholic University –Erbil


This paper aims to explore the process of shifting to online teaching in Kurdistan region and the challenges that facing teachers, students, and parents. The paper argues that COVID-19 pandemic forced stakeholders to recognise online education as the most appropriate alternative to maintain the process of education alive during the health crises. Semi-structured interview method was designed to examine the challenges facing teachers, students and parents along with options to improve the process and eliminate the challenges. The paper also explores a general background about online education during the pre-pandemic and selected national and international studies dealing with online teaching. The study accomplishes most of the challenges to be by-product of unplanned and rapid migration to online teaching, otherwise most of the challenges can be eliminated via training courses, parents’ awareness, and sustainable management. Finally, online teaching has been recognised globally as one of the essential methodologies during the pandemic and it was successful to save lives. Additionally, this method can remain active and practical according to the upcoming circumstances and it is subject to development and improvement. 


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