نوسه‌ران

Department of Biology, College of Education, University Of Garmian

پوخته‌

Eruca sativa (Arugula or Roket) is a widely distributed species. It has many economical, medical benefits. Growth abnormalities had observed among plants grown in Kalar city such as enlargement of Calyx in some plants. The aim of this study was to identify the reason beyond the abnormal growth and to decide whether the abnormality is due to fungal infection or no. To do so, we did collected different samples and took different sections from normal and abnormal plants. The sections were examined under different microscopes. The results indicated that the abnormal enlargements were due to the fungal infection (Albugo candida).

1. Gajra G. and Vinay S. (2014) “Eruca sativa (L.): Botanical Description, CropImprovement, and Medicinal Properties”, Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants, 20:2, 171-182.

2. Shannon M.C., and Grieve C.M. (1999) “Tolerance of vegetable crops to salinity”. Scientia Horticulturae 78: 5-38.

 3. Helana N.M., Reham E.S., and George E.R. (2011) “Studies on the chemical constituents of fresh leaf of Eruca sativa extract and its biological activity as anticancer agent in vitro”. J Med Plant Res 5: 1184-1191.

4. Saima H, Adila S., Farnaz M., and Shahzad H. (2014) “Physico-chemical investigation and antioxidant activity studies on extracts of Eruca sativa seed”. Int Jour of Phar Chem 4: 1-6.

5. El-Wakeel, M.A., El-Desoki, E.R. and Ahmed, S.ED.A.EG. (2019) “Bioherbicidal activity of Eruca sativa fresh shoot aqueous extract for the management of two annual weeds associating Pisum sativum plants”. Bull Natl Res Cent 43: 87. https://doi.org/10.1186/s42269-019-0130-x.

6. El-Dabaa, M.A.T., Ahmed, S.AE., Messiha, N.K. et al. (2019) “The allelopathic efficiency of Eruca sativa seed powder in controlling Orobanche crenata infected Vicia faba cultivars”. Bull Natl Res Cent 43: 37. https://doi.org/10.1186/s42269-019-0079-9.

7. Chitarra W., Siciliano I., Ferrocino I., Gullino M.L., and Garibaldi A. (2015) “Effect of Elevated Atmospheric CO2 and Temperature on the Disease Severity of Rocket Plants Caused by Fusarium Wilt under Phytotron Conditions”. PLOS ONE 10(10): e0140769. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140769

8. Latinović, J., Latinović, N., Jakše, J., & Radišek, S. (2019). First Report of White Rust of Rocket (Eruca sativa) Caused by Albugo candida in Montenegro. Plant disease, 103, 163. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-05-18-0784-PDN.

9. Farr, D.F., Bills, G.F., Chamuris, G.P. and Rossman, A.Y. (1989). Fungi on Plants and Plant Products in the United States. APS Press, St. Paul, USA.

10. Belhaj K, Cano LM, Prince DC, Kemen A, Yoshida K, Dagdas YF, Etherington GJ, Schoonbeek HJ, van Esse HP, Jones JDG et al. 2017. Arabidopsis late blight: infection of a nonhost plant by Albugo laibachii enables full colonization by Phytophthora infestans. Cellular Microbiology 19: e12628.

11. Prince DC, Rallapalli G, Xu D, Schoonbeek H, Çevik V, Asai S, Kemen E, Cruz‐Mireles N, Kemen A, Belhaj K et al. 2017. Albugo‐imposed changes to tryptophan‐derived antimicrobial metabolite biosynthesis may contribute to suppression of non‐host resistance to Phytophthora infestans in Arabidopsis thaliana. BMC Biology 15: 20.

12. Saharan, Govind Singh; Verma, Prithwi Raj; Meena, Prabhu Dayal; Kumar, Arvind (2014). White Rust of Crucifers: Biology, Ecology and Management. Springer. p. 7. ISBN 978-81-322-1792-3.

13. Saharan, GS and Verma, PR. 1992. White rust. A review of economically important species. International Development Research Centre,Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, IDRC-MR315e, IV+65p.