جۆری توێژینه‌وه‌: Original Article

نوسه‌ران

1 Department of Biology College of Education Garmian University Kalar, Alsulaimaniyah, Kurdistan, Iraq

2 Kindergarten Department, College of Education, University of Garmian, Kurdistan, Iraq

3 Biology Department, College of Education, University of Garmian, Kurdistan, Iraq

پوخته‌

Head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer infestation is one of the most important health problems throughout the world. The aim of the current study was to estimate the prevalence of head lice among local primary school children in Kalar district-Kurdistan, Iraq and find out the relationship between head lice infestation and anxiety. During the period October 2018 to May 2019, an overall 8847 primary school children aged (6-11 years) were randomly selected from (22) primary schools and examined for the presence of head liceusing lice comb and magnifying lenses. Results of the current study revealed the existence of 1277 cases (14.43%) of infestation with P. humanus capitis. The rate of infection in girls was significantly higher than boys P

وشه‌ بنچینه‌ییه‌كان

 

1.Akhter S., Mondal M.M., Alim M.A. and Moinuddin M.A. (2010). Prevalence of lice infestation in humans in different socio– economic status at mymensingh in bangladesh. Int. J. Bio. Res. 1(1): 13-17.

2.Al-Abaddy A. I. (2008). Investigation on the incidence of infection of lice among human goats and sheep in Mosul city-Iraq. 1-7

3.Al-Aboody B.A. (2008). Prevalence of head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) among primary schools pupils in Nassirya city. Omsalama Journal of Sciences. 5(2), 207-210.

4.Al-Alousi T.I. and Tawfeeq A.E. (2007). Prevalence of the (head louse) Pediculus humanus capitis among pupils in Tikrit city and neighbors.

5.Al-Marjan K.S. and Kamil F.H. (2014). Survey for Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer (Pediculidae: Phthiraptera: Insecta) Among Primary Schools Children in Erbil City. Al- Mustansiriyah J. Sci. 25(2): 25-30. 

6.Amin O.M. and Ameen N.M. (2018). Incidence of Phthiriasis palpebrarum caused by pubic lice Pthirus pubis in Al-Sulaimaniyah province, Kurdistan region, Iraq. Journal of Garmian University. 5(2): 41-47.

7.Andrews B. and Wilding J. M. (2004). The relation of depression and anxiety to lifestress and achievement in students. British journal of psychology, 95(4): 509-521.

8.Borges-Moroni R., Mendes J., Justiniano S. and Binda A. (2011). Head lice infestation in children in day-care centers and schools of Manaus, Amazon, Brazil. Revista De Patologia Tropical. 40 (3): 263-270.

9.Byers A. L., Yaffe K., Covinsky K. E., Friedman M. B. and Bruce M. L. (2010). High occurrence of mood and anxiety disorders among older adults: The National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of general psychiatry, 67(5): 489-496.

10.                 Centers for disease control and prevention (2015).  Global HealthDivision of Parasitic Diseases. Available online at: https://www.cdc.gov/parasites/lice/head/gen_info/faqs.html

11.                 Clark D. A. and Beck A. T. (2011). Cognitive therapy of anxiety disorders: Science and practice. Guilford Press.

12.                 Counahan M., Andres R., Büttner P., Byrnes G. and Speare R. (2004). Head lice prevalence in primary schools in Victoria, Australia. J. Paediatr. Child Health. 40: 616–619.

13.                 Craske M.G. and Stein. (2016) Anxiety. Lancet.  388: 3048–3059.

14.                 Deg˘erli S., Malatyali, E., Celiksoz A. Ozcelik S. and Mumcuog˘lu K. (2012). The Prevalence of Pediculus humanus capitis and the Coexistence of Intestinal Parasites in Young Children in Boarding Schools in Sivas, Turkey. Pediatric Dermatology. 29(4): 426–429.

15.                 Devore C.D., Schutze G.E. and the council on school health and committee on infectious diseases. (2015). Head lice. Pediatrics.135, e1355.

16.                 Devore, C. D. and Schutze, G. E. (2015). Head Lice. Pediatrics, 135(5).

17.                 Doroodgar A., Sadr F., Sayyah M., Doroodga M., Tashakkor Z. and Doroodgar M. (2011). Prevalence and associated factors of head lice infestation among primary school children in city of Aran and Bidgol (Esfahan Province, Iran), 2008. Payesh, Journal of The Iranian Institute For Health Sciences Research. 10(4): 439-447.

18.                 El-Sayed M.M., Toama M.A., Abdelshafy A.S., Esawy A.M. and El-Naggar S.A. (2017). Prevalence of pediculosis capitis among primary school students at Sharkia Governorate by using dermoscopy. Egypt J. Dermatol. 37: 33-42.

19.                 El-Sayed M.M., Toama M.A., Abdelshafy A.S., Esawy A.M. and El-Naggar S.A. (2017). Prevalence of pediculosis capitis among primary school students at Sharkia Governorate by using dermoscopy. Egyptian Journal of Dermatology and Venereology.  37: 33–42.

20.                 Flint A. J., Peasley-Miklus C., Papademetriou E., Meyers B. S., Mulsant B. H., Rothschild A. J. and STOP-PD Study Group. (2010). Effect of age on the frequency of anxiety disorders in major depression with psychotic features. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 18(5): 404-412.

Gater R., Tansella M., Korten A., Tiemens B. G., Mavreas V. G. and Olatawura, M. O. (1998). Sex differences in the prevalence and detection of depressive and anxiety disorders in general health care settings: report from the World Health Organization Collaborative Study on Psychological Problems in General Health Care. Archives of general psychiatry, 55(5): 405-413.