جۆری توێژینه‌وه‌: Original Article

نوسه‌ر

English Department, College of Education, University of Garmian, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

10.24271/garmian.2072016

پوخته‌

Poetry as a literary genre has been the first and the most influential human method for conveying what people wanted to since the birth of humanity. Therefore, it was almost the sole way for entertainment, information, and documentation as well.
   As a result, it is of little surprise to hear and see such an expression as documentary poetry. Topics about it started to be seen in journals such as Chain in the middle of the 1990s; yet this kind of poetry could be traced back, in the English literature, to the first English poem that survived i.e. Beowulf.
   The study is an attempt to discuss a number of English and Kurdish poems that can be labeled under this nomenclature in order to reveal whether or not world poetry share this aspect along with its usefulness for humanity at large. It tries as well, to revive focus upon the historical events documented by poets and poems and illustrate the range of the humane responsibilities the poets felt and consequently made them immortalize the human experiences through those poems.
The study also analyzes the strategies followed by the poets in writing their poems through the different modes of documentation. It came out with a number of conclusions like:  Kurdish poetry did not come short of its likes in the other languages and cultures especially the English language and poetry. And it closes with a list of the sources used. 

وشه‌ بنچینه‌ییه‌كان

-Alexander, Michael. (Trans) The Earliest English Poems. London: Cox & Wyman Ltd. 1966. Print.

-------------------. (Trans).  Beowulf.  New York: Penguin Books Ltd. 1979. Print.

-Bekas, Sherko. Oeuvre of Sherko Bekas. Vol.2. Kurdistan: NP. 2006. Print.

------------------. Oeuvre of Sherko Bekas. Vol.5. Kurdistan: NP. 2006. Print. 

- Dove, Rita.  Collected Poems: 1974- 2004.  New York: W.W. Norton & Company. 2016. 

  Halaj, Saleh. Separation. Suleimani. Ganj Publishing House. 2008. Print-

-Harrington, Joseph."Docupoetry and Archive Desire" https://jacket2.org/article/docupoetry-and-archive-desire     Retrieved 20-3-2018

-Johnson, Jessica. "Documentary Poetry?" March 3, 2008      https://www.kenyonreview.org/2008/03/documentary- poetry/.    Retrieved 16-7-2018

-Kalaidjian, Walter. 1993.  American Culture Between the Wars: Revisionary Modernism and Postmodern Critique . New York: Columbia UP. USA. Print.

-Kertesz, Louise. 1980.  The Poetic Vision of Muriel Rukeyser .Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP. USA . Print.

-Magi, Jill. "Poetry in Light of Documentary".  www. Chicagoreview.org   Retrieved in      

             16-7-2018

-Metres, Philip." (More) News from Poems: Investigative/ Documentary/ Social Poetics

           on the Tenth Anniversary of the Publication of ' From Reznikoff to Public

          Enemy'"   https://www.kenyonreview.org/kr-online-issue/2018-marapr      10-8-2018

-Murad, A. Interview with Saleh Halaj. August, 14, 2018.

Nowak, Mark. "Documentary Poetics"              https://www.poetryfoundation.org/harriet/2010/04/documentary-poetics     Retrieved in 10-8-2018

-- Rubin, Stan Sanvel & Judith Kitchen. 1985. "Rita Dove: On the Genesis of 'Parsley'".

                www.english.illinois.edu           accessed 15-7-2018

-Stephen, Therese.  www.english.illinois.edu/maps/poets/a_f/dove/origins.htm

                          Retrieved  10-8-2018

- Williams, William Carlos, “Asphodel, That Greeny Flower,” in Journey to Love (New York: Random House, 1955).

-          https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/       16-8-2018

-          www.murielrukeyser.emuenglish.org/  30-8-2018