جۆری توێژینه‌وه‌ : Original Article

نوسه‌ران

Department of English, College of Basic Education, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan region of Iraq

پوخته‌

The use of Oral Communication Strategies (OCSs) by Senior Kurdish EFL (English as a Foreign Language) university students to overcome communication breakdowns and the thoughts of their instructors in this regard was the center of focus in this study. A thirty-three-item questionnaire was given to the students from different Iraqi Kurdistan Region universities; they were chosen through stratified sampling. Moreover, the instructors’ opinions on their students’ communication and communication strategies were uncovered through a semi-structured interview. The quantitative data were analyzed by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS) 26.0 software and thematic analysis was used in analyzing the interviews. The results showed that the Kurdish EFL students employed most of the strategies with different ranges and the most widely used group of strategies were interactional strategies. Furthermore, the t-test outcome suggested that there were not significant relationship between the use of OCSs by male and female students. The results of the study require instructors and curriculum designers to include OCSs in their classes more, directly or indirectly, to guarantee better learning outcomes since the students always attempt to have better oral communication.  

وشه‌ بنچینه‌ییه‌كان

ناونیشانی توێژینه‌وه‌ [English]

An Investigation into the Use of Oral Communication Strategies by Senior Kurdish EFL University Students

نوسه‌ران [English]

  • Sakar Mikaeli
  • Barham Abdulrahman

Department of English, College of Basic Education, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan region of Iraq

پوخته‌ [English]

The use of Oral Communication Strategies (OCSs) by Senior Kurdish EFL (English as a Foreign Language) university students to overcome communication breakdowns and the thoughts of their instructors in this regard was the center of focus in this study. A thirty-three-item questionnaire was given to the students from different Iraqi Kurdistan Region universities; they were chosen through stratified sampling. Moreover, the instructors’ opinions on their students’ communication and communication strategies were uncovered through a semi-structured interview. The quantitative data were analyzed by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS) 26.0 software and thematic analysis was used in analyzing the interviews. The results showed that the Kurdish EFL students employed most of the strategies with different ranges and the most widely used group of strategies were interactional strategies. Furthermore, the t-test outcome suggested that there were not significant relationship between the use of OCSs by male and female students. The results of the study require instructors and curriculum designers to include OCSs in their classes more, directly or indirectly, to guarantee better learning outcomes since the students always attempt to have better oral communication.  

وشه‌ بنچینه‌ییه‌كان [English]

  • EFL
  • OCSs
  • thematic analysis
  • students
  • instructors
  • gender