جۆری توێژینه‌وه‌: Original Article

نوسه‌ر

Department of English, College of Education, University of Garmian

پوخته‌

This paper tries to explore the representation of the First World War and its lingering effects on the life of people in two different modern short stories. The stories are written by different modern writers: The first story is entitled Soldier's Home. It is written in1924 by a male American writer Ernest Hemingway who witnessed several great wars such as World War I and World War II. The Second short story is entitled The Fly. It is written in 1922 by a female writer from New Zealand, Katherine Mansfield who lost her brother in World War I. The study compares the after effect of war on characters in these two different short stories. It focuses on how the war shapes the life of characters even after it ends. It shows how different characters struggle to cope with the trauma, stress and psychological pressure inflicted on them due to the violent experience of war. It also shows how war plays a destructive role in the life of combatants and non-combatant. The study sums up that both writers represent the horror and dark side of war and its destructive power on post-war generation through the brutal effects on the life of characters.  

وشه‌ بنچینه‌ییه‌كان

  1. Becnel, Kim E. Bloom's How to Write about Ernest Hemingway. New York: Bloom's Literary Criticism, 2009. Print.
  2. Fahim, Mansoor & Mahnaz Akbari. Short Stories for Critical Analysis. Tahran: Rahnama Press, 2008. Print.
  3. Guion, Payton. Ernest Hemingway: A Biography. Np.: Hyperink, 2012. Print.
  4. Gunsteren, Julia Van. Katherine Mansfield and Literary Impressionism. Amsterdam:  Rodopi, 1990. Print.
  5. Hemingway, Earnest. "Soldier's Home"( 1925), http://www.somanybooks.org/eng208/SoldiersHome.pdf
  6. Kimber, Gerri. Katherine Mansfield and the Art of Short Story. New York: Palgrave, 2015. Print.
  7. Lamp, Robert Paul. The Hemingway Short Story: A Study in Craft for Writers and Readers. Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press,2013. Print.
  8. Lewis, Robert W., Jr. “Hemingway’s Concept of Sport and ‘Soldier’s Home.” The Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway Critical Essays, edited by Jackson J. Benson,  Duke UP, 1975, pp. 170-80.
  9. Lubin, David M. Grand Illusions American Art and the First World War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. Print.
  10. Mansfield, Katherine. "The Fly". Short Stories for Critical Analysis. Mansoor Fahim  & Mahnaz Akbari. Rahnama press, 2008,pp.153-163.
  11. Meyers, Jeffrey. Katherine Mansfield: A Darker View. New York: Cooper Square Press, 2002. Print.
  12. Morrow, Patrick. "Katherine Mansfield and World War I" Literature and War. Ed. By David Bevan. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1990, PP.39-44.
  13. Oliver, Charles M. Critical Companion to Ernest Hemingway: A Literary Reference to His Life and Work. New York: Facts on File, 2007. Print.
  14. Putman, Thomas. " Hemingway on War and its Aftermath" Prologue Magazine,  Vol. 38, No. 1, spring, 2006.< https://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2006/spring/hemingway.html
  15. Shen, Dan. Style and Rhetoric of Short Narrative Fiction: Covert Progression behind Overt Plots. New York: Routledge, 2104. Print