جۆری توێژینه‌وه‌: Original Article

نوسه‌ران

Biology Department, College of Education, University of Garmian

پوخته‌

Domestic pigeons and backyard chickens are reared by a large number of people in Iraq for several purposes including meat, egg, commerce, and hobby. They are infected with different types of parasites which cause high mortality rate and great economic loss. The present study was conducted in two districts in Garmian region, Kalar and Khanaqin to study the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in domestic pigeons and backyard chickens. A total of 720 fresh fecal samples from (401 backyard chickens and 319 domestic pigeons) were examined using direct microscopy and standard floatation technique. The overall prevalence of parasites was 38.61 %. The rate of infection in chickens was 32.91% (132/401) and the rate of infection in pigeons was 45.76% (146/319). Five genera of nematodes were identified in chickens: Ascaridia galli (5.98%), Heterakis gallinarum (4.48%), Capillaria sp. (3.24%), Oxyspirura mansoni (1.74%) and Trichostrongylus tenuis (0.75%). Two cestodes were also identified, Choanotaenia infundibulatum (6.73%) and Raillietina sp. (0.75%) and one protozoan, Eimeria sp. (15.96%). Five genera of parasites were identified in domestic pigeons as follows: three nematodes, Ascaridia columbae (2.82%), Heterakis gallinarum (1.25%) and Capillaria sp. (0.62%), one cestode, Raillietina sp. (1.56%) and one protozoan, Eimeria sp. (42%). Sexes of the birds had no effect on the rate of infection p>0.05. Regarding locations, pigeons from Khanaqin were highly infected with parasites compared to Kalar p

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