جۆری توێژینه‌وه‌: Original Article

نوسه‌ر

English Department, college of Education, University of Garmian, kalar, Iraq

پوخته‌

Maya Angelou is an Afro-American poet who has written poems that are simple in language and deep in meaning. This research is a socio-racial study of Maya Angelou's selected poems from her first collection; Just Give Me a Cool Drink of Water 'fore I Diiie (1971). It uses sociological criticism to analyze the poems; first, the paper covers the background and the social condition of the emergence of African American literature.  It highlights the nature of their literary works in relation to their social life and racial segregation that they encountered. Secondly, it defines racism and its different types, overt and institutional racism as a part of the societal life in the United States of America. To clarify these two types of racism in the poems of Maya Angelou, the poems are analyzed in relation to the racial theories of overt and institutional racism. Finally, the study concludes that Maya Angelou's poems expose racial discrimination and prejudice with the aim of reforming the social life of African American people, and ends with a list of the works cited.

وشه‌ بنچینه‌ییه‌كان

  1. -Angelou, Maya. The Complete Collected Poems of Maya Angelou. New York: Raondom House, 1994.Print.
  2. -Appiah, Kwame Anthony. Forward. Racism.  By Albert Memmi. Minneapolis: Minneapolis University Press,2000. Print.
  3. -Bloom, Harold, ed. Comprehensive Research Guide: Maya Angelou. New York: Chelsea House, 2001. Print.
  4. -Bugeja, Michael J. Living Ethics: Developing Values in Mass Communication.    Michigan: Allyn and Bacon,1996. Print.
  5. -Carmichael, Stockely & Charles V. Hamilton. Black Power: The Politics of Liberation in America. New York: Vintage Book, 1992. Print.
  6. -Cox, Vicki . Maya Angelou: Poet. New York: Chelsea House, 2006. Print
  7. -Essick, Kathy M. "On the Vernacular Language in the Poem" Comprehensive Research Guide: Maya Angelou. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 2001.41-44. Print.
  8. -Hagen, Lyman  B. Heart of a Woman, Mind of a Writer and Soul of Poet: A Critical Analysis of the Writings of Maya Angelou. Lanham: University Press of America,1997. Print.
  9. -Martinot, Steve. Introduction: the Double Consciousness. Racism.  By Albert Memmi. Minneapolis: Minneapolis University Press,2000. Print.

10. -Massey,S. Douglas &Nancy A. Denton. American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press,1993.Print.

11. Neubauer, Carol E. " Maya Angelou: Self and a Song of Freedom in the Southern Tradition" Southern Women Writers: The New Generation.Ed. Tonette Bondinge. Tuscaloos: University of Alabama Press, 1990. 130-158. Print.

12. Wilson, Charles E. Race and Racism in Literature. London: Greenwood Press, 2005. Print.