جۆری توێژینهوه: Original Article
English Department, College of Languages, Salahaddin University
This research selects portions from H. W. Longfellow’s epic poem Hiawatha to make out the real identity of the hero, and the actual features of heroism in this work, which is about the Native Americans. Usually, the hero is an individual, but very different and very exceptional. This research explores that point in particular. The hero has some weak points which may call into question his identity as a hero and may even encourage a re- definition of Heroism as a concept. Some of the themes to address in the paper are the following:
The birth of the hero. Is he a divine being sent from the sky, or is he a foundling, a parentless creature?
The hero’s interest in war- waging as his own reason d’etre.
The hero’s interest in beautiful women.
The paper point out the constituents of the sublime elements in this epic, focusing on the distinctive expressions; the effective expressions; the effective epithets; the powerful or persuasive impact to entrance the recipients of the epic entitled Hiawatha.
Key Words: Epic, Longfellow, Heroism, Hiawatha.
- Altenbernd, Lynn & Lewis, Lesslie, L. (1967, reprinted 1999) A Handbook for the Study of Poetry. Macmillans.
- Aitchison, Jean (2012, 4th edition). Words in the Mind. Singapore, Wiley- Blackwell.
- Bal, Mieke (1977). Narratologies. Paris, Klincksieck
- Bal, Mieke (1985). Narratology: Introduction to the Theory of Narrative. Translated by Christine Van Boheemen.
- Barfield, Owen (1994). Poetic Diction . Faber and fabr.
- Claridge, Jessics (2010) Folk Myths and Legends. McGraw- Hill Far East Publishers, Kuala Lumpur.
- Hart, James, D. (1986) The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature, Oxford.
- Hope, Parker, Katherine (1998). Language and Reality. Oxford University Press.
- Jones, R. T. (2008) Studying Poetry. Edward Arnold Publishers, London.
- Moore, Geoffrey (2011) The Penguin Book of American Verse. London.
- Peters, W. H. (1996) Hand Book for the Study of Literature. United University Press, UK.
- Shaban, Fuad ((1996) A Short Dictionary of Literary Terms. Dar Al- Fikr Publishers, Damascus University.
- Steine, George (1975 first published 1971) Extraterritorial: Papers on Literature and the Language Revolution. Penguin Books.
- Teun, Van Dijk (1989). Text and Context. London, Longmans
- Tillyard, E. M. W. (1978 reprinted 1998). Poetry Oblique and Direct. Chatto and Winduns.
- Warner, Alan (1957 reprinted 1962) English Poems and Ballads: An Anthology of Narrative Verse Chosen by Alan Warner. London, Oxford University Press.
- Warner, Austin and Weller, Rene (1949) The Theory of Literature. Penguin Books. Third Edition 1968 reprinted 1978.