جۆری توێژینه‌وه‌: Original Article

نوسه‌ران

1 English Department,College of Education, University of Diyala, Iraq

2 English Department, School of Basic Education, University of Sulaimani

3 English Department, College of Education & Language, University of Charmo

پوخته‌

The research in Politeness has received special momentum since the last few decades. Additionally, theorists and pragmaticians have approached it from different perspectives like the social-norm, conversation-maxim, conversation-contact, face-management, discursive (relational work), and others. In this paper, three approaches of politeness are revisited highlighting their characteristics and their drawbacks. These models are chosen to investigate due to their pioneering roles in the domain; they are namely Lakoff‟s (1973), Leech‟s (1983), and Brown & Levinson‟s (1987). The significance of this paper lies in its focus on the pioneering politeness theories - which are solidly grounded in Grice‟s Maxims - ,and their approaching fashions in researching politeness. It is worth mentioning that this study is extracted from the literature review of a PhD dissertation investigating the Kurdish EFL learners‟ interlanguage pragmatics.

وشه‌ بنچینه‌ییه‌كان

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