جۆری توێژینه‌وه‌: Original Article

نوسه‌ران

1 Panjab University, Chandigarh, India

2 Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

پوخته‌

Current evidence-based guidelines for treatments of chronic low back pain (CLBP) suggested including psychological aspects of back pain as well as physical treatments. Therefore, the current study targeted to examine the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy on quality of life of Iranian female patients with non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). During this pre-post experimental study fifty seven patients suffering from NSCLBP were randomly assigned either in CBT (N=28) or usual medical care groups (N=29), respectively. The subjects drown from physiotherapy centers of Ardebil and assessed in three time frames; pre, post and one month after the intervention through standard questionnaire (SF12). Data obtained from the final samples (N=48) analyzed by analysis of covariance, clinical significance and effect size.The results of ANCOVA revealed that subjects in the CBT group indicated significant improvements in physical and mental components of quality of life in comparison with the usual care group. Effect sizes were .73 and .69 for mental and physical components of quality of life respectively. Clinical significance also showed that out of 24 patients in CBT group 14 patients recovered in time 1 and 15 patients in time 2 of evaluation respectively.CBT as an alternative therapy, including cognitive restructuring, relaxation and daily home works was beneficial in enhancement of physical and mental components of quality of life of female Iranian patients with NSCLBP. 

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