جۆری توێژینه‌وه‌: Original Article

نوسه‌ر

Department of English, College of Languages, University of Sulaimani

پوخته‌

This study is about the mode of representing lexical information in the mental lexicon. It
carries out the investigation within the framework of Cognitive Lexical Semantics, a
subfield of semantics which deals with the cognitive aspects of lexical meanings: what
lexical items mean and how they are stored in the speaker's mind. It tries to substantiate
two of its assumptions. One is that lexical items are polysemous by nature, i.e. having
multiple senses. The other is that lexical items form categories of interrelated senses.
Applying these tenets to the linguistic expression -phobia, I make two arguments. One is
that it exhibits polysemy, having numerous senses. The other is that it forms a category,
a network of interrelated senses. The central sense is called the prototype. The other
senses which extend from the prototype are called the periphery. The theoretical aim is
to show that the multiple senses of a lexical item are stored in the mind as a network.
The descriptive aim is to portray the full semantic range of the lexical item phobia in
English.

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