جۆری توێژینه‌وه‌: Original Article

نوسه‌ر

Department of Psychology, College of Education, University of Garmian

پوخته‌

Mass violence and genocide, as human calamities, have always been under scrutiny of
scientist and researchers in various fields. Yet, due to the vast irreparable nature of these
tragedies, they are still under continues investigation. They are different branches of
psychology dealing with these behaviors from different perspective. To this end, the mental
disorders of violence Survivors, as well as roots, causes, and conductive factors of mass
violence, have been thoroughly studied. Of course, treating and assisting survivors suffered
from such kind of violence have been neglected so far. This is more evident in the Middle
East and especially Kurdistan, despite various occasions of genocide and mass violence in the
region.
Consequently, the present study utilizes a descriptive-analytical approach to review and
analyze the existing scientific documents and to introduce treatments for disorders in
survivors of genocide and collective violence. To this end, more than 20 research papers and
relevant books have been reviewed and analyzed. Results have showed that different
approaches like, PET, EMDR, CBT, and TAT were successfully administered to the patients.
Finally, in the conclusion section, some therapeutic approaches in accord with socio-cultural
condition in Kurdistan are suggested to treat the genocide and collective violence survivors.