جۆری توێژینه‌وه‌: Original Article


Lecturer, Department of Geography, College of Education, University of Garmian


Geomorphology is an important aspect for urban planning, which gives an
idea about the variations in landscape/landform and indirectly facilitates in
evaluating the resources of an area. In the present paper, an attempt has been
made to study the geomorphic implications on urban expansion of Darbandikhan
district. The study area is in Iraqi Kurdistan Region. It covers an area about
(546.02 km2
) with nearly (150 km) perimeter. For detailed study, multi-temporal
satellite imageries of Landsat 3, 5, 7, 8 and QuickBird were used with the aid of
ArcGIS-10.2.2 and Global Mapper 13 software to compile and create database
that provided a visual and historical perspective of the urban expansion and
practiced in the study area for the past 46 years from 1971 to 2017. Progressive
urban mapping in correlation with different thematic maps of lithology,
geomorphologic units (landforms), drainage density, elevation, slope gradient
and slope aspect delivers the baseline information for the planner and decision
makers to observer/monitor and predict the patterns and future trends of
urbanization. The rate of urban growth of Darbandikhan town is 1.2 km2
and at 2028 the total suitable potential area, at west of the town, will be
consumed and change to townscape if the town expansion growth rate continued
in its behavior. Hence geomorphological maps along with other thematic maps
are predictive techniques to better future forecast of urban growth that can
delineate suitable area for urban development and planning of the Darbandikhan
town within the district’s administrative boundary.

وشه‌ بنچینه‌ییه‌كان

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