جۆری توێژینه‌وه‌: Original Article

نوسه‌ر

University of Sulaimani / College of Basic Education / English Department

پوخته‌

Language is a human trait associated with a particular community or ethnicity; there are a range of languages that represent their existence. On the other hand, the diversity of language shows aspects of their communication. Language also reflects in social construction when humans communicate to each other. In other words, language is used in social class, social status, and educational background that are called social dialect; a variety of languages that reflect social variation in language use, according to certain factors related to the social group of the speaker such as education, occupation, income level, etc.
In this research, the characters’ speech in Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights (1847) is examined, in particular by dealing with spelling, grammar and lexis to explain what role speech plays in the character construction. The findings of this work indicate that this author of the Victorian literature used speech to both individualize characters and to bind them to a certain groups, which can mostly be defined by social status; a unique type of speech is provided to each main personality to denote his or her social status. A list of references is shared at the end.

وشه‌ بنچینه‌ییه‌كان

1. Brontë, Emily. Wuthering Heights. 1847. London, Penguin Classics, 2008.

2. Chapman, Raymond. Linguistics and Literature: An Introduction to Literary Stylistics. Great Britain: Edward Arnold. 1989.

3. Ferguson, L. Susan. “Drawing Fictional Lines: Dialect and Narrative in the Victorian Novel”. Style. Vol. 32, No. 1 (Spring 1998), pp. 1-17.

4. Hornberger, Nancy H. and Sandra L. McKay, editors. Sociolinguistics and Language Education. UK: St Nicholas House, 2010.

5. Linn, Michael D. Dialect and Language Variation. Revised. Elsevier, 2014.

6. Marsh, Nicholas. Emily Brontë - Wuthering Heights. London: Macmillan, 1999.

7. Mugglestone, Lynda.  ‘Talking Proper’. The Rise of Accent as Social Symbol.  Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1995.

8. West Winds Yorkshire Tearooms. An Ancient Tongue West Winds.  westwindsinyorkshire.co.uk 2010.

www.scribd.com/document/50357470/AnAncientTongueWestWinds. Accessed 10 May 2019.

9. Yule, George. The Study of Language. Cambridge University Press, 2010.