جۆری توێژینه‌وه‌: Original Article

نوسه‌ران

1 Kalar Computer Institute. Ministry of Education-General Directorate of Institutes and Trainings. Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

2 Department of English, College of Education, University of Garmian

پوخته‌

The language we use, like many other things such as sun shine, water, air, rain, sound, food …etc is in a rapid change. Different studies and surveys are found about the number of languages that have disappeared in the last 500 years. At an alarming rate, many languages are dying and many others are reviving all over the world, as Crystal (2000: 1) defines language death as “a language dies when nobody speaks it any more” and this idea is close to Campbell’s (1994) view point when he states that “The loss of a language due to gradual shift to the dominant language in language contact situations”.
Kurdish language is an example of a minority language as being surrounded by Persian, Turkish, Arabic and some other majority languages such as English. Kurdish language is not apart from many other languages that are in a critical situation whether to revive or die. As the world becomes more connected, language diversity is falling at an unprecedented rate. Globalization is about human contact. Indeed, the continental, and later global spread of certain languages is the clearest long-term evidence of what global contacts have been achieved. Beside its advantage for some languages to help them becoming the dominant language, yet it helps in polluting the minority languages. The present study is a descriptive analytic study. It aims at knowing whether English language, which is a globalized language, is a curse or blessing to the educated Kurdish language speakers in the age of 15-30 at Kurdistan regional government (KRG)/Garmian province. This is by preparing the descriptive and inferential information, the descriptive data including the age, gender and sentences with choosing a Kurdish or English words. The data showed that there is a rapid increase of using and preferring English words in the daily conversations instead of the Kurdish words. The study found that Kurdish speakers at the age of 15-20 years old are using English words in a higher rate than the ages of 21-25 and 26-30, and higher in 21-25 than 26-30 years old.

وشه‌ بنچینه‌ییه‌كان

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