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Facts & Figures

Publication date since

2013

Issue per year

4

No. of volumes

6

No. of Issues

21

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99,832

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JUG is quarterly, open access, peer-review, multi-disciplinary and multi-lingual journal, published by university of Garmian, Kalar, KRG, Iraq. The first issue launched in 2013, deals with articles in all fields of humanities and social science on the basis of its originality, value, importance, significance, accessibility, and inventive conclusions. Articles are published Open Access under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA) license.

Original Article
Significance of the Maritime straits in Politics
1. Significance of the Maritime straits in Politics

Ranj Nawzad

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 1-23

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135074

Abstract
     This research is aimed to show the significance of the maritime straits in politics, economics and international conflicts. In that sense, the importance of geopolitics, ...  Read More
Original Article
Margin and punctuation in historical research
2. Margin and punctuation in historical research

Dlpak Ali; snawbar sardar

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 24-37

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135077

Abstract
        Research is one of the main needs of achieving the comprehensive development of a country and the strength and independence of each country based on research ...  Read More
Original Article
Establishing a new region within the Kurdistan Region: ways and obstacles
Analytical study in light of the Constitution of the Republic of Iraq of 2005
3. Establishing a new region within the Kurdistan Region: ways and obstacles Analytical study in light of the Constitution of the Republic of Iraq of 2005

ismael najm aldin

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 38-49

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135223

Abstract
     The boundaries of the regions in the federated countries are considered political and constitutional borders. Therefore, some of the constitutions treat the boundary issue ...  Read More
Original Article
The concept and definition of social criticism, Hemn Mukryany's biography.
4. The concept and definition of social criticism, Hemn Mukryany's biography.

Sardar Majeed; Emad Mahmood

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 50-58

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135377

Abstract
       The method of Social criticism investigates the link between literature and society and it also shows the impacts of literature on any society. This method ...  Read More
Original Article
The Mitannian civilazation in Iraqi-Kurdistan (The arts of pottery in Shahraz plain)
5. The Mitannian civilazation in Iraqi-Kurdistan (The arts of pottery in Shahraz plain)

Noman Ibrahim; Abdullah Othman

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 59-75

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135653

Abstract
  Abstract Shahrazur as other region has been rolled for the raise and development of the ancient civilization in northern Mesopotamia. The research of the arts of the pottery in this ...  Read More
Original Article
Evaluating ,the ability of using city inhabitant grounds in the City of Rzgari
(A study in Urban Geography)
6. Evaluating ,the ability of using city inhabitant grounds in the City of Rzgari (A study in Urban Geography)

Amanj Ahmed

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 76-100

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135654

Abstract
  Abstract In Kurdistan Regional, the stage before (1991), many cities in a random and unbalanced way became to be existed, Rzgari district in Kalar province belonging to Garmian administration ...  Read More
Original Article
Psychological comfort undergraduate kindergarten students for future.
7. Psychological comfort undergraduate kindergarten students for future.

sairan mohammed rashid

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 101-114

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135780

Abstract
  Individual comfort has indicated for individual thinking in a positive way. The importance of thinking style and controlling help individuals to border his/her feeling and emotion. ...  Read More
Original Article
The quality of tourism services and their impact on customer relationship management - A survey of a sample of tourist hotels in the city of Sulaymaniyah
8. The quality of tourism services and their impact on customer relationship management - A survey of a sample of tourist hotels in the city of Sulaymaniyah

Sarwat Waysmurad; Salah Hamasaleh

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 115-132

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135834

Abstract
  Abstract This study aimed to know the Impact of the quality of tourism services on managing customer relations from agroup of tourist hotels in the city of sulaymaniyah, and accordingly, ...  Read More
Original Article
Dialogue Requirement in Interpreting the Verse of the Qur’an
9. Dialogue Requirement in Interpreting the Verse of the Qur’an

Faiza Ali

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 133-142

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135837

Abstract
  ABSTRACT Meaning  occupied a huge concern of the researchers in both ancient and modern time>We often do not mean what we say but we imply another meaning in our discourse ...  Read More
Original Article
Social interaction and ids relation ship to academic achievement among students of the University of Garmian
10. Social interaction and ids relation ship to academic achievement among students of the University of Garmian

shwan saeed

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 143-165

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135840

Abstract
  The study aims to uncover social interaction, and its relationship to academic achievement among students of the school of Education, scientific departments, University of Garmiyan, ...  Read More
Original Article
The aesthetics of audio coloring in the sectional structure of Surat Al-Zalzalah
11. The aesthetics of audio coloring in the sectional structure of Surat Al-Zalzalah

Rasheed Qadir; Bayan Sabr

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 166-178

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135847

Abstract
  تعد دراسة المقاطع من الدراسات الصوتية المهمة إذ تعتمد على تقسيم الكلمات إلى وحدات صوتية تختلف باختلاف ...  Read More
Original Article
Psychological flexibility and its relationship to creative thinking
For middle school students
12. Psychological flexibility and its relationship to creative thinking For middle school students

Hind Sulaiman

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 179-200

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135848

Abstract
  Abstract thinking. And the differences according to the two sex variables (males - females) for both variables, among middle school students in the city of Khanaqin. Al-Baha built ...  Read More
Original Article
Determine the tourist and physiological climate patterns in the city of
Khanaqin through the application of the Terjung classification
13. Determine the tourist and physiological climate patterns in the city of Khanaqin through the application of the Terjung classification

Paeman Salih

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 201-228

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135909

Abstract
  Abstract This research aims to study and analyze Effect of climatic elements that affect human comfort to determine the tourist and physiological climate patterns At Khanaqin city ...  Read More
Original Article
(Al-Takhmis) a literary form in the Arabic and Kurdish poetry, a comparative study
14. (Al-Takhmis) a literary form in the Arabic and Kurdish poetry, a comparative study

Kawa Abdullah

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 229-236

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135912

Abstract
  Takhmis in poetry is a color of the rhetoric of the poets; to show their proficiency in keeping up with poets, having possessed the necessary tools; to go through the color of the systems, ...  Read More
Original Article
Measuring cognitive motivation among students of the College of Education at Garmian University
15. Measuring cognitive motivation among students of the College of Education at Garmian University

Hemin Jabar; Bakhtiyar Habib

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 237-257

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135924

Abstract
  Abstract Measuring Cognitive Motivation the Education collage's students at Garmian University The study has focused on recognizing the level of the cognitive motivation of students ...  Read More
Original Article
The sources of philosophical thought by Al-Kindi
16. The sources of philosophical thought by Al-Kindi

dheyih Tofiq

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 258-271

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.135936

Abstract
  Abstract. Most of the schalars went to Al-Kindi’s School of Philosophy, it was formed from multiple philosophical sources, particularly the Platonic, Aristotelian school and ...  Read More
Original Article
Planning and development of tourist sites in Zakho district
17. Planning and development of tourist sites in Zakho district

Nathen Taher; Ahmed Hassan

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 272-292

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.136151

Abstract
  Abstract     In spite of the importance of the diversity of tourist sites and their ability in tourist attractions, in order to obtain a sense of comfort, relaxation ...  Read More
Original Article
Analysing Writing Errors of Kurdish EFL Students
18. Analysing Writing Errors of Kurdish EFL Students

Paiman Aljaf; Ibrahim Ahmed; Soran Salim

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021, Pages 293-307

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.136152

Abstract
  This study has aimed at identifying and analysing writing errors of Kurdish EFL undergraduate students from two Departments of English at Koya University, Salahaddin University and ...  Read More
Original Article
A comparative Study of Linguistic thought between English and Kurdish in perspective of Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
19. A comparative Study of Linguistic thought between English and Kurdish in perspective of Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

Aween Sabir; Burhan Sulaiman

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.136153

Abstract
  There is an on-going argument about the impact of language on thought, i.e. either language shapes thought or thought shapes language.  There are numerous thinkers, philosophers, ...  Read More
Language Redefining from levels perspective  (Expressions in Kurdish Language is a Model)
1. Language Redefining from levels perspective (Expressions in Kurdish Language is a Model)

Bestun Abubakr Ali

Volume 7, Issue 4 , Winter 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.273555.1088

Abstract
  The second section is a practical part, there is a scientific analysis for language level theories according to Kurdish utterances from the academic and religious perspectives which ...  Read More
Poetic Image in
3. Poetic Image in "Salm's Poems

Kanyaw b.abdullah; Ahmed Raheed mera

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Spring 2021, , Pages 1-11

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/jgu.2021.131367

Abstract
  This research is under the title (Poetic Image in "Salm's Poems( Researchers in this research answer the following questions:  What is the poetic image? What are the types of ...  Read More
Insufficiency of Oral Communication Performance of Kurd EFL Undergraduate Learners at the Universities of Kurdistan: Reasons and Suggested Solutions
4. Insufficiency of Oral Communication Performance of Kurd EFL Undergraduate Learners at the Universities of Kurdistan: Reasons and Suggested Solutions

Chalak Mohammed Ameen

Volume 7, Issue 4 , Winter 2021, , Pages 212-229

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/garmian.207018

Abstract
    Insufficiency of oral communication performance is noticed among Kurdish EFL learners at the universities of Kurdistan region of Iraq. Thus, the current study investigates the ...  Read More

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